you missed the - Khaimraj, who actually trains the trees is an Italian Trained Fine Artist, and if anything the work of Ruisdael or Gainsborough or perhaps
the landscapes of other Dutch little masters, would actually be the starting point.
This European technique requires, actually drawing the tree.
We are both 1/2 and 1/4 Chinese, but also English and [ Indian - K ], with a touch of [ me - Amerindian, K likes to say Mayan and Italian.]
Think carefully, a J.B.pine trained with thick branches and stout trunk [ masculine ] would look silly at 15 to 18" with more than 6 branches.
3 to 4 inch trunks, with main branch being 0.75 or 3/4 of the trunk and at 0.5 or 1/2 at the second branch.
There is definitely a Chinese influence, but with 37 to 38 years of growing trees, I am not sure how obvious it would be.
The local trees have to be drawn for observation.
AND as usual Sifu, great tree!
Ah to have a teacher with experience and a similar climate to Japan.
BUT we don't and so we must experiment and research.
However, I was into research as Science goes, and K is a creator of imaginative figurative compositions, so we both love
Research and Experimentation and are not afraid to fail.
[ hee hee - next on the agenda - a Morris Minor as an electric car, now that houses are going solar ]
Hah Sifu throws down the glove - no wires, no pines - love it - a challenge
But we do use guy wires.................................
I leave you with this - what happens to a single tree in a meadow, with no competition for light ?
I made this point, perhaps last year, after observation and reading of books.
Great chatting with you.
Thanks for taking the time.
Your disruptive student.
* Perhaps what we do is neither fully Bonsai or Penjing, but another evolution ???????????????